Neurológia pre prax 6/2023

Musculoskeletal ultrasound in neurological practice

Musculoskeletal (MSK) ultrasound is very useful tool for imaging musculoskeletal body structures- muscles, tendons, joints, bones, peripheral nerves and vessels. In last decade becoming MSK ultrasound common diagnostic tool in neurological practices and amount of publications and studies which prove ultrasound as a useful diagnostic tool in neurological diseases increase. Other important field for ultrasound application are interventional procedures in neurology- peripheral nerve injection, nerve block, vessel puncture, lumbar puncture, muscle biopsy. Ultrasound diagnosing is quick, widely available, relatively cheap, non-invasive and for patient comfortable diagnosing method applicable in musculoskeletal diseases including peripheral nerves. Ultrasond in addition enable dynamic investigation. Ultrasound is eligible method of first choice, current MSK ultrasound probes can provided higher quality structure imaging than magnetic resonance.

Keywords: ultrasound, diagnostic, musculoskeletal, peripheral nerve, entrapment syndrome